ABOUT

Project Archive Manifesto: Towards Non-Complacency

“Preconceptions of what counts as architecture and how architectural value is established through reinforcing aesthetic norms by focusing on western definitions of technical accomplishment and virtuosity. For example how nonwestern architecture is constrained to questions of the craft of the vernacular.”

- Adrian Lahoud, Rights of the Future Generations, GSAPP CCP

“...eighteenth-century white Europeans held ethnocentric and aesthetics prejudices about the new people encountered through colonial conquest and exploration.”

- Structural Racialism in Modern Architecture Theory, Race and Modern Architecture, Irene Cheng

“We have a bastard education system. It follows a European pedagogic system that is already backward itself.”

- Mohammed Chebba, Casablanca School Dialogues

Project Archive Collective supports the architectural archive over the canon.

The study of precedents is at the core of a canonized architectural education. However, the canon is outdated, and exclusionary in nature as it perpetuates Eurocentrism. Most importantly, this canon, dictated by Western institutions, has promoted a limited understanding of architecture and the social and political inequalities that underwrite it.

The Project Archive collective rejects this narcissistic paternalistic gaze of Global North.

By curating pedagogy and prescribing Eurocentric works, academic institutions have othered and marginalized sources of knowledge from the Global South. This information is sustained by disseminating western canonical works (theory, precedents, etc) through various institutionally sanctioned media. Within these authorized documents, Global South communities are labeled as “living and not thriving”[Adrian Lahoud, Rights of Future Generations, GSAPP]. They are portrayed as technologically challenged, and culturally deficient. Their mode of existence is marked as in civil, unrefined, and underdeveloped.

We reject the myth of starchitects who are often credited as sole authors of works.

This starchitect culture endorses the myth of a single-author narrative and fails to acknowledge architecture as a collaborative effort. We are challenging this institutional power structure. Through crowdsourcing, we actively engage with decentralizing research methods. The pedagogy also discredits other modes of architecture by privileging a capitalist lens that is perpetuated by the institution in which it operates. This, in turn, fails to recognize extensive knowledge systems within self-sustaining communities.

We embrace the archive as this generation’s method of course correction.

We are invested in the construction of the future of the discipline as a continuously evolving body of knowledge. The Project Archive represents this generation’s opportunity for course correction. It offers us the chance to choreograph our own path. It empowers future designers and enlarges our disciplines' imagination. We embrace the multi-authored narrative. We engage in the intelligence of pop culture. We opt for inclusion rather than exclusion. Join our collective. Help us crowdsource a different future for architecture. Be the change!

Archive: An ever-growing collection of projects within architectural practice preserved as interrelated sets. All works despite their varied characteristics are of value within this inexhaustible collection.

- Rachel Buchanan: Could it be that the archive is as unpredictable and fluid as the history that emanates from it? .... Therefore, ‘rewriting and rewriting history’ is an important part of decolonization.

Canon: An outdated Global North invention that reinforces a hegemonic colonial understanding of architecture. Precedents within this exclusionary curatorial collection promote singular truths about the practice of architecture.

  • -  Rethinking the Canon, Michael Camille, Zeynep Çelik, John Onians, Adrian Rifkin, and Christopher B. Steiner:
    ...the canon originally referred to the sacred authority of eternally reinterpretable scripture. Art- historical canons, as constituted by a set of predetermined, isolated images of "great works" reproduced in books or in a series of more complex institutional replicas such as the plaster casts at the Musee des Monuments francais, are thus, like writing, supplemental and secondary.
    “Whereas the canon is constructed out of the always already known prejudged, and expected,... Striped of contingency the canonized object is supposed to transcend space and time and stand autonomous. The canonical object is usually purely visual level and, in its superficial visibility, the somatic richness”
  • -  Blake and the Apocalypse of the Canon, Nelson Hilton: "The formation of a canon serves to safeguard a tradition," and "canon formation in literature must always proceed to a selection of classics"
    Architectural Pedagogy: A perspective and mode of teaching that is expected to comply with a hegemonic colonial and canonical understanding of architecture.

- [Adam Crownover & Joseph R. Jones: P edagogy imagined as sanctuary enables us to recognize illusions and false promises, drawing our gaze away from the forces of shallowness and disembodiment and towards awareness of senses, existential experiences and meanings, and to what is actually before us: This world. This student. This life.

Precedent: Architecture references that are extensively and deferentially studied in architectural practice. The canon curates a selection of references through which the hegemonic value of the discipline is elevated and perpetuated. Whereas the archive considers all works of architecture to be appropriate guides for reference.

Syllabus: A course description, written by the instructor, that aligns with the ethos of an institution. It outlines learning outcomes and precedents provided by an instructor within the department. This tool often complies with a colonial hegemonic understanding of architecture by promoting canonical works as references.

the book

We have compiled our research in the form of an index. The index aims to serve as a tool for students to use as a stepping stone towards re-considering works they might use as a reference in their own practice. As this book is an index, it doesn’t define the altern; however, it aims to guide students towards investigating and incorporating the altern into their own design practices in hopes that is eventually and respectfully aggregated into the canon.

events and exhibitions

February 7
Test event
Providence RI
10 | 01 | 2020
Speach
Yale
20 | 12 | 2020
Book Presentation
Yale
10 | 12 | 2020
Book Presentation
RISD

CREDITS

Advisors:
Advisors , Emanuel Admassu, Jess Myers, Mindy Seu, Namita Dharia


Contributing writers:
Alison Sherpa, Ara Anderson, Cherry Yang, Deji Eclarin, Derek Russell, Leslie Ponce-Diaz, Yasmine, El Alaoui El Abdallaoui, Zaara Arsiwala

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Oceania
Viti Levu, Fiji islands
Unknown
Local Residents
Unknown
Unknown
Oceania
Viti Levu, Fiji islands
Local Residents
Unknown
In traditional Fijian homes, tree leaves are used to cover the entire structure as a method of insulation and rain-proofing. Although many houses today are constructed in the colonial style, there are also many local Fijians who continue to build their homes in this traditional method. They use “Atuna” or “Makita”, a Fijian tree species that has branches that retain its leaves even once they are broken off. The traditional homes also have wooden posts that are dug into the ground with a wall-frame and hipped roof construction on top. Additionally, above the rafters, a layer of woven bamboo is installed along with a combination of reed and grass.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Climate: Tropical

Source: Academic Journal

Key Attribute: Thatched Roof


No items found.
South America
Apetina, Suriname
Women's Centre in Apetina
South America
2016
Women's Centre in Apetina
South America
Apetina, Suriname
South America
2016
Located in southern Suriname, in a jungle, a women's center was built, with plans continuing for treehouse homes and a high school. Paul Spaltman brought the renderings to the village of Apetina, yet the women's center was physically built by community members. The community selected and chopped down the trees, as well as built the structures. They take the kit-of-parts that Paul designed and altered it to their own needs. "For instance, I designed a chicken coop with a shingled roof but they used palm trees instead." The locally sourced wood was tied together with ropes and natural materials instead of nails. The wood species for the houses are made of Brownheart, the shingles are made from Walaba wood, and balusters are made of bamboo poles. The Suriname president gifted the group of locals a sawmill to continue construction. By allowing the local volunteers to build their own structures, the housing is more connected to their heritage and way of life.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions 

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Women’s Centre


No items found.

Bibliography

Africa
Lagos, Nigeria
The Plum Apartments
cmDesign Atelier
2017
The Plum Apartments
Africa
Lagos, Nigeria
cmDesign Atelier
2017
The Plum Apartments are configured as a row of four terraced houses. The apartments are designed for young professionals who need to be situated in the increasingly densifying city and who do not need an excessive amount of space. Osapa is a unique, trendy neighborhood and these apartments are designed to fit into this landscape with the objective to design modern apartment units that are also affordable and user friendly. The use of color between the matt white, gray textured paint, and the ‘fire’ red doors enhance the playful, youthful users.

Domesticity: Responding to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical Savannah 

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Affordable Housing

No items found.
Africa
Tadjourah, Djibouti
SOS Children's Village
Urko Sangchez Architects
2014
SOS Children's Village
Africa
Tadjourah, Djibouti
Urko Sangchez Architects
2014
This is a residential compound of 15 houses that runs family-strengthening programs. It is a medina, (which is a walled city containing narrow and maze-like streets) that is run for children, with no cars, open spaces, and lots of vegetation where residents can take care of their own plants. Each house follows the same scheme but is arranged in different ways. The materials of the space are made from cement blocks and a concrete finish.

Domesticity: Response to Societal conditions 

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Desert

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Medina

No items found.

Bibliography

link 1
Africa
Gando, Burkina Faso
Songtaaba Women’s Cente
Kere Architecture
unknown
Songtaaba Women’s Cente
Africa
Gando, Burkina Faso
Kere Architecture
unknown
This project caters to two primary functions: to provide sheltered space for women and to provide larger weather-proof storage spaces. The storage of the building allows women to store grains they harvest and sell it for profit. Architecturally, the Center lies on a concrete platform elevated by a series of concrete pilotis. The entirety of the structure and stored goods are thus kept safe and secure from water damage and rodents. Steel-reinforced columns and ring beams support elevated steel trusswork and an overhanging roof of the corrugated metal sheet. The walls are built with clay and hand-made pottery produced locally by the women. Pottery is a local technology that has been used to store and transport water and grain for centuries.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: Arid 

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Earthen Pot Storage

No items found.

Bibliography

image
South America
Iquique, Chile
Quinta Monroy
Elemental
2004
Quinta Monroy
South America
Iquique, Chile
Elemental
2004
The main objective of this project was to provide 100 families home in the same 5,000 sqm site located in a prime spot in Iquique, a city in the Chilean desert. The designers of Elemental worked with a tight budget from a $7500 subsidy which they used to pay for the land, infrastructure, and architecture. Half the home would be built, allowing, for the house to grow as the members of a family increase or if the family decides to add more rooms to start a business. The residents will need to supply their own materials, and possibly builders in order to complete this extension. Within one small-sized lot, the architecture is able to accommodate many people because each unit is three levels.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions 

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate:  Arid

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Social Housing

No items found.

Bibliography

Africa
Multiple semi-urban sites, Cambodia
Prototype Housing
Collective Studio
2013
Prototype Housing
Africa
Multiple semi-urban sites, Cambodia
Collective Studio
2013
Partnering with Habitat for Humanity Cambodia, the firm was tasked to create 6 alternatives to low-cost housing that address varying needs. This includes cost-efficiency, climate sensitivity, and cultural appropriateness.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical

Source: blog

Key Attribute: affordable housing

No items found.
Africa
Accra, Ghana
Pata4two
Orthner Orthner & Associates
unknown
Pata4two
Africa
Accra, Ghana
Orthner Orthner & Associates
unknown
In association with local rammed earth construction company: Hive Earth, Orthner Orthner & associates works towards resolving Ghana's housing crisis. Pata4Two (‘pata’ means ‘little hut’ in Twi, one of Ghana’s main languages) is a concept for a new affordable housing type that acknowledges both the past and its traditions and embraces the future needs of a growing, sophisticated middle class. The design follows the three main principles taken from traditional buildings: small, simple, and local. Construction detail includes rammed earth foundation to reduce the amount of cement almost completely, while it is improving the indoor climate. The project also includes a standard bio-digester for the toilet waste and the potable water tank. This can be upgraded with a solar-water heater, a photovoltaic power system with battery backup, and a rainwater harvesting tank for maintaining the landscape.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Climate: Tropical

Source: Company Website, Blog, Social Media

Key Attribute: Rammed Earth

No items found.

Bibliography

link 2
Africa
Kicukiro District, Rwanda
Masaka Affordable Housing
MASS Design Group
2017
Masaka Affordable Housing
Africa
Kicukiro District, Rwanda
MASS Design Group
2017
Masaka Affordable Housing addresses Rwanda’s growing urban population that seeks affordable housing. In addition, this project is designed to have a carbon footprint that is 57% less than the national average. This building comprises numerous housing typologies which are able to accommodate various family sizes. By incorporating communal areas such as storages for market produce, laundry facilities, vegetable gardens or akarima k’igikoni, and event spaces, the residents and their neighbors have the opportunity to strengthen their community.

Domesticity: Responding to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Housing


No items found.

Bibliography

Africa
Abuja, Nigeria
Mabushi Medium Density Residential
NLE architects
2013
Mabushi Medium Density Residential
Africa
Abuja, Nigeria
NLE architects
2013
Mabushi is a rapidly developing, middle-income, residential district in Abuja. This project is a part of a series of medium-density homes designed to maximize land area. The dense housing provides terraces for each unit and outdoor community spaces. This project also uses simple natural materials to allude to the afro-minimalism design characteristics (as suggested by the firm).

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions 

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: Tropical 

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Medium Density Housing 


No items found.
Africa
(Unknown City), Uganda
LGBT Youth Asylum Centre
Bee Breeders, Enrico Chinellato, Jacopo Donato
2013
LGBT Youth Asylum Centre
Africa
(Unknown City), Uganda
Bee Breeders, Enrico Chinellato, Jacopo Donato
2013
This project is designed by second prize winners of the LGBT Youth Asylum Center competition organised by Bee Breeders. The design consists of a structure held in tension and linked together with a cable that supports a wire mesh. This structure is then covered with a flexible membrane.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: N/A

Source: Company Website  

Key Attribute: LGBTQ

No items found.
South America
São Paulo, Brazil
Jardim Edite
MMBB, H+ F Arquitectos
2013
Jardim Edite
South America
São Paulo, Brazil
MMBB, H+ F Arquitectos
2013
Domesticity:Response to Societal Conditions Level of Difficulty: Medium Climate: Subtropical Source: Blog Key Attribute: Affordable Housing

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions 

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Subtropical

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Affordable Housing

No items found.

Bibliography

South America
Apan, Mexico
House 8, Apan Housing Laboratory
Taller Mauricio Rocha + Gabriela Carrillo
2017
House 8, Apan Housing Laboratory
South America
Apan, Mexico
Taller Mauricio Rocha + Gabriela Carrillo
2017
This Apan Housing Laboratory Project investigates house prototypes that explore solutions for affordable housing in Mexico. House 8 uses vernacular materials (concrete masonry unit, adobe, wood) and construction techniques in two volumes, intersecting in a portico. The horizontal volume, made of concrete masonry unit, houses social spaces, and the vertical volume, made of adobe, houses private programs. The portico at the intersection of these volumes ensures their connection and potential for reconfiguration.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Climate: Temperate

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Affordable Housing


No items found.

Bibliography

Africa
Gando, Burkina Faso
Gando Teachers' Housing
Kere-Architecture
Gando Teachers' Housing
Africa
Gando, Burkina Faso
Kere-Architecture
These homes were built to attract teachers to the countryside. They are a series of adaptable modules in comparable size to traditional round huts in the region. The simplicity in the design means it is easily adaptable in various ways for the resident. The homes are built for both the teacher and their family. The materials used in this project are sustainable and locally sourced, earth blocks, as well as some concrete.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Tropical

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Modular Housing

No items found.

Bibliography

link 1
Oceania
Village of Pea, Tonga
Fale Tufitufi
Local Residents
Fale Tufitufi
Oceania
Village of Pea, Tonga
Local Residents
Fale Tufitufi is a type of architecture in Tonga that emerged in the mid-1990s that incorporates discarded materials from other countries into their fale, which is the Tonga word for house, primarily from Australia or New Zealand’s demolition yards and suburban inorganic dumps. In Tonga, it’s considered a great source of pride to have western building materials on your house so today the housing seems to be a combination of past designs with an eclectic assortment of materials. Due to the fact that the West was never a direct imperial threat, the Tongans were easily receptive to implementing a western-style fale. It was the west that introduced more structural building materials to provide longer-lasting homes. These structures depicted in the images are constructed by the householders and their neighbors.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions 

Level of Difficulty: Difficult 

Climate: Tropical

Source: Blog, Book 

Key Attribute: Western-Style Fale

No items found.

Bibliography

Asia
Auroville, India
Sangamam Cost-Efficient Habitat
Anupama Kundoo Architects
Sangamam Cost-Efficient Habitat
Asia
Auroville, India
Anupama Kundoo Architects
Sangamam is an area affected by environmental and social problems, including water scarcity, saline water intrusion, soil erosion, declining soil fertility, and inadequate housing. In response to these issues, Anupama Kundoo Architects designed a low-cost housing scheme that provides eco-friendly building infrastructure for rainwater harvesting and wastewater treatment systems. These systems are introduced with sensitivity towards locally sourced materials and building systems. The age-old rammed earth building technique is introduced in a more sophisticated form. Cement stabilization achieves a better standard of finish, more strength, water-resistance, and enabling a quicker modular method of building. Roofs are constructed using terracotta filler slabs, bricks as jack arches, and conical hollow vault elements. These are designed specifically to achieve an affordable solution with a low environmental impact that is beneficial to generate local employment.

Domesticity: Response to Environmental Catastrophe

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical

Source: Company Website, Blog, RISD Library 

Key Attribute: Affordable Housing


No items found.

Bibliography

climate
image
Asia
Kutch, India
Rehabilitation of Bhadli Village
SNK
Rehabilitation of Bhadli Village
Asia
Kutch, India
SNK
The project focuses on rebuilding a village in Kutch following a natural disaster. As villagers refused government proposed uniform housing, SNK along with their client took this case as a pro-bono project. To rid themselves of misery, the villagers were employed as construction workers and SNK supplied materials for free. This not only gave the locals a source of income but also the freedom to personalize their homes. As a result, a total of 124 homes were built. A women’s center was also built, to boost the crafting output of the village.

Domesticity: Response to Environmental Catastrophe 

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate:  Arid

Source: Company Website, Journalism, Lecture, RISD Library  

Key Attribute: Village-Reconstruction

No items found.

Bibliography

link 1
South America
El Paredón Buena Vista, Guatemala
Plan B Guatemala
DEOC Arquitectos
Plan B Guatemala
South America
El Paredón Buena Vista, Guatemala
DEOC Arquitectos
Plan B Guatemala was created in response to the disaster caused by the Volcán de Fuego eruption in June 2018. This particular proposal explores designing shelters for displaced families. The construction makes use of long-lasting building materials that are easy to find and to work with, such as concrete blocks, bamboo, and steel plate roofing. Concrete blocks were used expressly in different dispositions, creating a permeable lattice that protects the inner areas from the outside, allowing for natural ventilation throughout the spaces. Even though this is a replicable housing model, the pop of color inside the concrete block holes allows for a sober yet strong statement for the families to project their personalities, giving the community a stronger sense of belonging.

Domesticity: Response to Environmental Catastrophe

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical

Source:  Blog

Key Attribute: Concrete Block

No items found.

Bibliography

Asia
Sichuan Province, China
Jintai Village Reconstruction Project
Rural Urban Framework
Jintai Village Reconstruction Project
Asia
Sichuan Province, China
Rural Urban Framework
Jintai Village is located near Guangyuan, Sichuan Province, an area among the most brutally affected by the Wenchuan Earthquake of 2008. This project aimed to recover the lost farmer’s homes and farms by building a series of homes with roofs angled at varying directions to be used as farms. The houses are positioned in close proximity to one another so that passageways can connect the roofs to one another. Close proximity between the houses reinforces a sense of community between the farmers and also mimics the large enclosing walls of traditional Chinese Courtyard houses known as Siheyuan. These traditional courtyards are typically known to maximize privacy and protection as well as create communal spaces such as in the form of a market.

Response to Environmental Catastrophe

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Subtropical

Source: Blog, Academic Journal, Educational Websites

Key Attribute: Roof Farming

No items found.

Bibliography

image
Oceania
Santa Rita, Guam
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Oceania
Santa Rita, Guam
Unknown
In order to withstand the strong typhoons and earthquakes that hit Guam, individual hollow-block (cinder block) cement became a widespread construction method for building houses from the 1980s. To reinforce the walls, steel rebar and mortar are placed in between individual blocks. Guam was forced to reinvent an architecture that would be more durable once two typhoons (Karen and Olive) struck the island and destroyed 90% of their buildings in 1962 and 1963. At this point, the federal funds from the US were used to mass-produce concrete homes that would replace wood and tin structures and Quonset huts. These natural disasters initiated the need to modernize Guam’s buildings to be more disaster-resistant. Hollow block homes emerged as an alternative concrete structure that reevaluated the shortcomings, such as overheating, of the prefabricated concrete homes.

Domesticity: Response to Environmental Catastrophe

Level of Difficulty: Difficult 

Climate: Tropical 

Source: Book, Blog 

Key Attribute: Prefabricated Homes

No items found.

Bibliography

link 1
South America
Nosara, Costa Rica
Casa Jade
Prendas Loria
Casa Jade
South America
Nosara, Costa Rica
Prendas Loria
This project utilizes an indoor-outdoor concept, allowing for a fluctuation between the two to be synonymous. Designed around a central courtyard space to create privacy, while allowing for an open concept, and passive cooling. The shape of the roof provides protection from heavy rains while allowing for light and breeze. Materials used such as concrete and light woods, help to control the temperature of the interior. A central yoga area odes to the passions of Nosara, known for being a yoga capital of the world.

Domesticity: Response to Environmental Catastrophe

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute:


No items found.

Bibliography

link 1
Africa
Lagos, Nigeria
Yaba Prototype
NLE architects
Yaba Prototype
Africa
Lagos, Nigeria
NLE architects
This project is a housing solution for rapidly urbanizing spaces. The Yaba Prototype is an efficiently planned, economical, self-sufficient, variable-density housing block. Each block contains a modular mixture of 1, 2, and 3 bedroom apartments. The design is such that the 1 bedroom unit can be easily connected to the 2 bedrooms to create a 3 bedroom apartment. This gives developers the flexibility to respond to the growing and variable market of the low to middle-income population. Furthermore, the building block can be adapted for offices, recreational, institutional, and other uses.

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: Tropical 

Source: Blog: Company Website

Key Attribute: Modular

No items found.

Bibliography

link 1
Africa
Parkview, Johannesburg, South Africa
Westwold Way Private Residence
MMA Design Studio
Westwold Way Private Residence
Africa
Parkview, Johannesburg, South Africa
MMA Design Studio
Westwold Way Private Residence is a home for two families. The house is designed as two separate but intertwined dwellings that meet at the central courtyard and the communal kitchen. The sliding partitions in front of the courtyard for both dwellings allow for two families to easily access the courtyard. Additionally, the building envelope is composed of folded plates that slit in some places to receive light and air and to take advantage of the views.

Domesticity: Responding to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: Subtropical

Source: Blog, Company Website 

Key Attribute: Two-Family Dwelling

No items found.

Bibliography

South America
Guanacaste, Costa Rica
Villa Saxo
Studio Saxe
Villa Saxo
South America
Guanacaste, Costa Rica
Studio Saxe
Studio Saxe is known for creating architecture for the tropical climate that communicates with its environment. This is a family home in Junquillal, Costa Rica that elegantly combines modern methods of construction with local materials and techniques. Villa Saxo is defined by an exoskeleton pergola structure that provides shade over large terraced areas. It also creates a frame for the local flora to grow around which will eventually envelop the house in plant life.

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Living with Nature 


No items found.

Bibliography

link 1
Asia
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tropical Box House
WHBC Architects
Tropical Box House
Asia
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
WHBC Architects
This house is made up of a gridded concrete facade that allows for plant growth over time. Situated in the Jungle, embracing the canopy was the firm’s main goal, along with privacy. A double facade provides a safeguard from the tropical sun and rain, while also allowing for views and plants to thrive. The structure is able to keep the heat out but allows light to be drawn in. The house is also built on stilts to level the floor with the canopy, which helps with pests and humidity.

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Tropical

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Porous Facade

No items found.

Bibliography

South America
Lima, Peru
Topo House
Martín Dulanto Arquitecto
Topo House
South America
Lima, Peru
Martín Dulanto Arquitecto
The project was conceived with the intention of having as little impact on the surrounding site as possible. From above the hill, it appears as though all of the rooms of the house are contained within a wooden container. However, once the viewer is closer to the structure they will be able to witness that the entire living room space is embedded inside the earth. The bedrooms are contained in the wooden block, and they also have relatively more views of both the mountain range, lagoon, and the stream than the other rooms.

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Desert

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Minimal Environmental Impact

No items found.

Bibliography

climate
South America
Piribebuy, Paraguay
Takuru House
José Cubilla & Asociados
Takuru House
South America
Piribebuy, Paraguay
José Cubilla & Asociados
José Cubilla & Asociados designed an austere, affordable, and environmentally friendly home, where 85% of the building materials are sourced from the site itself. The firm's interest is focused on vernacular and traditional construction methods that are intelligently designed and economical. The adobe bricks used for the interior walls and vaulted ceilings are made of earth from the site.

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Subtropical

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Locally Sourced Materials


No items found.
Oceania
Port Vila, Vanuatu
Master Bungalow
Vanuatu Builders
Master Bungalow
Oceania
Port Vila, Vanuatu
Vanuatu Builders
This home is made with timber frame construction and concrete posts. Ventilation opening right beneath the rafted roof is kept permanently open. There are often mosquitos that can come inside because of this so the bed is covered with a mosquito net at night. The roof structure is composed of a natangura plant fiber over roof battens over a waterproof membrane over 12mm ply. The interior rooms of this home consist of a bathroom, bedroom, and closet. Other activities such as cooking and lounging are performed on the porch.


Domesticity: Response to Conditions of a Landscape 

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: Tropical 

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Thatched Roof

No items found.

Bibliography

link 1
climate
image
South America
Unqillo, Argentina
JB House
Alarcia ferrer Arquitectos
JB House
South America
Unqillo, Argentina
Alarcia ferrer Arquitectos
Located in a quarry area in the town of Unquillo, the land has numerous outcrops of stone that print the landscape a unique feature. To relate to this landscape, the project incorporates two important outcrops that form part of the domestic and intimate plan of the house. These outcrops act as anchors for the house as well as an external texture to the interior.

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Temperate

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Local Materials

No items found.
South America
Chile, Lago Rapel
Galpon House
2172 / Asociados
Galpon House
South America
Chile, Lago Rapel
2172 / Asociados
The house applies cost-effective and weatherproof materials to achieve the feeling of a country house that eases itself onto the surrounding landscape. The site is surrounded by pine trees on one side of the house and Lake Rapel on the other side. Both the materials and the shape of the house mimic the style of the surrounding farm sheds. The position of this abstract volume is crucial in dividing the hill out of its neutrality by defining a “front” and a “back”. Once you walk through the tunnel that splits through the ground floor, you are not only faced with two entrances to the house but also an expansive view of the lake.

Domesticity: 

Response to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Temperate

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Lake View


No items found.

Bibliography

Africa
Senegal, Unknown
Villa Passiflora
Koffi & Diabate Group
Villa Passiflora
Africa
Senegal, Unknown
Koffi & Diabate Group
The Koffi & Diabate Group designed this home for two families so that one family resides in the left portion of the building and the other family resides in the right. From the exterior, it may appear as though there are many opportunities for the two families to meet but in fact, there is one wall that divides the two households. The rooms in each home are also arranged identically to each other. The two families each have their own parking, backyard, and pool.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 


Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Multi-family Home

No items found.
Asia
Vietnam, Quang Ngai
The Red Roof House
TAA Design
The Red Roof House
Asia
Vietnam, Quang Ngai
TAA Design
Built on a plot measuring just 80 square meters, The Red Roof House is located on the main road in the province of Quang Ngai, an area that is experiencing rapid urbanization. In traditional Vietnamese landscapes, the “red roof” house is a common house typology. However recently built multi-story homes with steel roofs have lost their connection to the identity of the village landscape. The Red Roof House utilises a stepped roof to reduce the height of the facade to ensure that it does not overpower its surroundings. This roof also serves as a vegetable garden to regulate the interior temperature by cooling the home and to generate social interactions with the community. Small courtyards have been strategically positioned throughout the design — in the front, middle, and back of the house — to connect the indoor spaces with nature.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Tropical

Source:  Blog

Key Attribute: Roof Garden


No items found.
Middle East
Kuwait, Unkown
Ternion 3 Villas
Studio Toggle
Ternion 3 Villas
Middle East
Kuwait, Unkown
Studio Toggle
Three independent villas variably stacked to create a porous, pixelated massing to balance privacy with the community. Each villa centers around a private courtyard that includes a swimming pool. This swimming pool is an attempt to reinterpret the concept of a ‘Hosh’ (a traditional Arabic water feature in a courtyard space) Full-height windows allow for cross ventilation and evaporative cooling, and the cantilevered volumes, due to the stacking of villas, allow for shade.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 


Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Desert

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Hosh 


No items found.

Bibliography

Africa
Kenya, Mombasa
Swahili Gem Apartments
Urko Sanchez Architects
Swahili Gem Apartments
Africa
Kenya, Mombasa
Urko Sanchez Architects
The project features a facade detail that alludes to traditional latticed wood screens known as mashrabiyas. This screen also functions as a primary structural component for the walls set behind. The skin is a novelty to Kenya and was developed in collaboration with local and international engineers along with steelworkers on site. The screen covers three sides of the apartment building. Thus balconies and terraces are situated on the fourth side to provide residents with a complete view of the nearby creek. In total, the apartment houses eleven homes where each floor is split into two apartment units.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 

Level of Difficulty: Easy 

Climate: Hot and Humid 

Source: Blog, Company Website 

Key Attribute: Screened Facade

No items found.

Bibliography

South America
Colombia, Loma del Escobero
Pajarera House
CAPA and Viviana Peña
Pajarera House
South America
Colombia, Loma del Escobero
CAPA and Viviana Peña
The house is situated in the hilly woodland of the Aburrá Valley. The plot of land originally had a small unused terrace, so the plan was to build the house elsewhere so the terrace could function as a place for sunbathing, or barbecuing, etc. Thus the house is situated on a sloped portion of the site and resembles a palafito (stilt house), which is one of Chile’s traditional housing typologies. Due to this placement, plants and water are able to pass under the house.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Tropical

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Stilt House

No items found.

Bibliography

Asia
Myanmar(Burma), Yangon
Nowaday Rd
SPINE Architects
Nowaday Rd
Asia
Myanmar(Burma), Yangon
SPINE Architects
This project aims to combine both colonial and contemporary styles of architecture. The white interior walls are contrasted by the dark brown wooden beam and posts to reflect typical Burmese homes made of wood. A new staircase with suspended wooden steps and a glass railing modernizes the interior space. There are many additional details incorporated into the design to mimic the traditional experience of washing outside with the change of floor surface material from wet (pebbles) to dry space (wood planks) in the shower room.

Domesticity: Reforming Ways of Domesticity 

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: Tropical 

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Wood


No items found.

Bibliography

South America
Uruguay, Montevideo
Museo Casa Vilamajó
Vilamajó, Pucciarelli & Carve Company
Museo Casa Vilamajó
South America
Uruguay, Montevideo
Vilamajó, Pucciarelli & Carve Company
Museo Casa Vilamajó, designed by architect Julio Vilamajó, was made to be the architect's familial residence. This project is considered to be one of the pioneering projects of Uruguayan modernism. It features rigorous geometry and brutalist forms broken by playful details on the facade, such as a miniature ship's bows, a lion head medallion, and patterns of colorful circles culminating into Vilamajó's signature eclectic style. It is now used as a museum dedicated to the preservation and exhibition of Julio Vilamajó's works, which is historically significant to the movement of Uruguayan modernism as a whole.


Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 

 

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: Subtropical

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Eclecticism

No items found.

Bibliography

Middle East
Jordan, Oak Hill
Maani Residence
Maisam Architects and Engineers
Maani Residence
Middle East
Jordan, Oak Hill
Maisam Architects and Engineers
This project is the private residence of the principal architect herself. The house has a contemporary layout and composition. It is rooted in local identity through its symbolic reference to Jordanian villages. As a result, the concept of the place is approached with a 30-meter-long corridor extending to the clustered living spaces.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 


Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Mediterranean

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Long Corridor

No items found.

Bibliography

Middle East
Iraq, Baghdad
Kamil Chadirji Home
Badri Qadah
Kamil Chadirji Home
Middle East
Iraq, Baghdad
Badri Qadah
Located on the east bank of the Tigris River, this is an early example of modernist housing in the city which shows the structural developments in the 1940s. The introduction of reinforced concrete into the country at this time, led to a design with irregular exterior shapes. The design also consists of a decentralized open interior floor plan.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Desert

Source: Blog, Academic Journal 

Key Attribute: facade


No items found.

Bibliography

Asia
Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar
Ger
House Owner and electricity by World Bank
Ger
Asia
Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar
House Owner and electricity by World Bank
About 800,000 of Mongolia’s 2.8 million inhabitants still live the traditional nomadic lifestyle that has remained largely unchanged for generations. However, thanks to the support of the Mongolian government and the World Bank, as of 2013 nearly 70 percent of nomadic people now have access to electricity through the addition of solar panels to their homes. The residents now have the ability to charge their mobile phones which gives herders the possibility to contact their children who are often attending boarding schools. “Herder electrification can help ensure that this important community, which connects the country to its rich history, can maintain their way of life without being left behind,” (World Bank Report, “Capturing the Sun in the Land of the Blue Sky”). The portable SHS technology is, fortunately, able to adapt and accommodate to the herder’s nomadic lifestyle.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: Continental

Source: Blog 

Key Attribute: Portable Architecture



No items found.
Middle East
Lebanon, Mount Lebanon
Extension of Identity House
Paseo Architecture
Extension of Identity House
Middle East
Lebanon, Mount Lebanon
Paseo Architecture
An extension to an older house is expressed in new language and materials, yet continues a dialogue with the existing areas by showcasing the workmanship. Cantilevered stairs connect both floors in the same manner as the old circulation, but now it uses modern materials such as steel and wood. The use of stone is treated as one block, fixed smooth and naturally cut with no joints. This is able to contrast the old stone type that is rough and full of joints. The wood was used as cladding in circulation areas to recall the importance of circulation in old village houses.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 


Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Mediterranean

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Extension

No items found.

Bibliography

Asia
Vietnam, Da Nang
Cuckoo House
Tropical Space Co., Ltd
Cuckoo House
Asia
Vietnam, Da Nang
Tropical Space Co., Ltd
This project is designed for a family of four and is distinguished by an added program of a coffee shop. The project is built with locally sourced bricks which form the volumes that resemble a “cuckoo clock”. The three volumes have different functions within the project. One block is the master bedroom including two floors. The upper floor is the bedroom and the other one is a bathroom and a walk-in closet. The next block also has two floors: the upper floor is the kids’ bedroom and below is the living room. The last block accommodates the kitchen and dining table.


Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: Tropical 

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Residential-Commercial Typology

No items found.

Bibliography

Asia
Indonesia, Bali
Casablancka Residence
Budi Pradono
Casablancka Residence
Asia
Indonesia, Bali
Budi Pradono
Budi Prudano strove to design this residence with traditional Balinese spatial concepts while including modern elements such as the concrete and glass. These concepts include but are not limited to; ‘Sanga Mandala’, a Balinese spatial concept that aims to divide an area into nine parts according to the eight main cardinal directions and the central (zenith) direction, and‘Tri Mandala’ which consists of three realms, ‘Nista Mandala’ (the outer and lower mundane less-sacred realm), ‘Madya Mandala’ (the intermediate middle realm), and ‘Utama Mandala’ (the inner and higher most important sacred realm).


Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of domesticity


Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Bamboo

No items found.
South America
Argentina, Buenos Aires
Casa Cinco Patios
Planta
Casa Cinco Patios
South America
Argentina, Buenos Aires
Planta
Ana Rascovsky carefully designed the outdoor space with similarly rigorous attention to detail as she did to the interior. This home went through extensive remodeling for a young couple that wished to renovate their home to also be their studio. It now has five alternative ways to use the outdoor space: a side yard that works as an extension of the interior of the house, a back patio, an entrance courtyard with a fountain, and a terrace. The terrace can be easily accessed from their studio and contains a green roof with a pergola and a place for barbecues.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 


Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Subtropical

Source: Company Website, Blog 

Key Attribute: Living with Nature

No items found.

Bibliography

image 2
South America
Argentina, Rosario
Brick House
Diego Arraigada Arquitecto
Brick House
South America
Argentina, Rosario
Diego Arraigada Arquitecto
This project prioritizes a compact footprint, which allows for more free land on the lot. The use of brickwork is derivative of city regulations, as well as a contextual relationship to the surrounding buildings. The design includes perforations in the masonry, called the English cross lock, to allow light in, and to use a minimal amount of material. Other interior walls are 30-45 cm thick, due to this mass, they do not need to have waterproof or thermal insulation.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 


Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Semi-Arid

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Brick

No items found.
Asia
Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City
Binh Thanh House
Vo Trong Nghia Architects
Binh Thanh House
Asia
Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City
Vo Trong Nghia Architects
This house is composed of three volumes that shift back and forth from a terrace to the indoors, with each volume wrapped by punctured concrete blocks. These volumes alternate in order to adapt to the bustling street on one end and the natural river on the other end. The interior provides a modern lifestyle that supplies mechanical equipment i.e, air conditioning. The adjacent outdoor spaces provide a space for residents to enjoy the wind, sun, private gardens, and the scene of the river.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity


Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Bilateral Characteristics


No items found.
Middle East
Uruguay, Hermosa Beach
El Rancho
MBAD Architects
El Rancho
Middle East
Uruguay, Hermosa Beach
MBAD Architects
MBAD Architects designed El Rancho to be an affordable housing solution. The residents were given a minimum space of two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a living area. They were able to transform this set to include multi-use spaces, similar to micro-units. Due to the residents inhabiting the space, they were able to problem-solve until their own needs were met. Also, the use of brick is highly encouraged as it is a traditional material and contributes towards the durability of the project.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Climate: Temperate

Source:  Blog

Key Attribute: Personalized Space

No items found.

Bibliography

Link 2
Climate
Middle East
United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi
Mussafah Gardens
Rafik El- Khoury & Partners
Mussafah Gardens
Middle East
United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi
Rafik El- Khoury & Partners
This project consists of two residential towers of 17 floors each and includes a community center. Analysis from editors: The building might also include varying housing typologies like duplexes on the top floors. This change in typology is possibly expressed on the elevation as well.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Desert

Source: Company Website, Blog

Key Attribute: High Rise


No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
Middle East
Jordan, Amman
Mango House
Mukhtar Saqr
Mango House
Middle East
Jordan, Amman
Mukhtar Saqr
This home was built by brothers Kamal and Ali Mango, sons of Hamdi who was a part of Amman’s primary business dynasties during the 1940s. The house has since been added on to and is still in possession of the Mango family today. It was originally built with smooth rose stone and wrap-around balconies yet differs from contemporary homes in Jordan during the 1940s. The rooms of this house are separated for each program, as opposed to the traditional style of a tripartite plan which divides the house into three more open sections.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Climate: Desert

Source: Blog, Social Media

Key Attribute: Renovation


No items found.

Bibliography

South America
Bolivia, Santa Cruz
Equipetrol Houses
Sommet & Asociados
Equipetrol Houses
South America
Bolivia, Santa Cruz
Sommet & Asociados
This project contains two individual homes within a single horizontal volume. From the plan, the two homes appear almost identical, however, it is where they meet, at the courtyard, where the two homes interact. The courtyard contains a swimming pool, where each family is able to socialize with the other family. From the exterior of the building, it is almost impossible at a glance to distinguish that this architecture is actually divided in two. The combination of materials such as concrete, glass, glass block, and wood is capable of bringing a subtly playful expression of the symmetry that frames the facade.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Tropical

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Multi-Family Dwelling


No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
Middle East
Jordan, Amman
Al Ribat Housing Complex
Bilal Hammad Architects
Al Ribat Housing Complex
Middle East
Jordan, Amman
Bilal Hammad Architects
The Al Ribat Housing Complex was built in 1982 and continues to be a pioneering representation of a housing complex in Jordan today. It contains thirty residential units which are clustered around a large landscape courtyard. This project was also nominated twice for the Aga Khan Award for Architecture.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Mediterranean

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Housing Complex

No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
Africa
Tanzania, Karatu
Black Rhino Academy: Dormitories
NLÉ
Black Rhino Academy: Dormitories
Africa
Tanzania, Karatu
NLÉ
This project is an international boarding school for primary and secondary school level. It is designed to create an indulging learning experience for learning and interaction with nature. The campus master plan is inspired by the Iraqw/Masai Boma settlements - a planning principle vested in the region for millennia. Organised in radial building units, the village typically consists of homes, animal pens, and storage spaces that are connected by thorn bushes that form protective belts around the villages.

Domesticity: Response to Societal Conditions

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Temperate

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Dormitory


No items found.

Bibliography

Image
Africa
Tunisia, Jebel Dahar Region
Troglodyte House
Residents
Troglodyte House
Africa
Tunisia, Jebel Dahar Region
Residents
These houses are built by riffing a deep circular pit into the sandstone which is soft enough to be worked with simple hand tools. Caves are then dug out to form underground rooms where the main pit becomes a courtyard. This interior offers an escape from the heat of the day. Threats to this traditional style of home included catastrophic floods in the 1960s and depopulation in the rural regions due to the President’s attempt to modernize the country. Many homes were rebuilt in the 1960s and residents often open their homes to tourists to glimpse the lifestyle. Due to the rebuild, some are able to be outfitted with “modernized” technology, like a television. While still in a very rural area, many are now surrounded by highways and border modern homes.

Domesticity: Response to Environmental Catastrophe

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Desert

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Pit-Housing


No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
Image
Africa
Tanzania, Mabwepande
Disaster Relief in Mabwepande
Tanzania Women Architects for Humanity (TAWAH)
Disaster Relief in Mabwepande
Africa
Tanzania, Mabwepande
Tanzania Women Architects for Humanity (TAWAH)
In response to 10,000 people being homeless from the 2011 and 2012 floods in Dar es Salaam, the government of Tanzania provided tents to the victims. To further support the affected, Tanzania Women Architects for Humanity (TAWAH) made an effort to build low-cost and high-quality housing. With the support of Dar es Salaam Regional Commissioner and funding from the TSN group, six model homes were built. As construction workers were not available at the time; TAWAH ensured that the residents could easily build these structures themselves by designing a simple construction method.

Domesticity: Response to Environmental Catastrophe 

Level of Difficulty: Difficult 

Climate: Tropical

Source: Company Website 

Key Attribute: Affordable Housing

No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
Asia
Pakistan, Lahore
Angoori Bagh Housing
Yasmeen Lari
Angoori Bagh Housing
Asia
Pakistan, Lahore
Yasmeen Lari
This project is designed by Pakistan's first female architect, Yasmeen Lari. She often takes interest in the intersection of architecture and social justice. This is seen in the Anguri Bagh Project as it was made to tempt locals from choosing inadequate housing within the area that often flooded with the yearly rains. Lari designed Anguri Bagh so that “children could play, household chores could be done and chickens could road”. The project derives its name from the Mughal garden that once existed on the site. The design of narrow streets and overhead walkways and courtyards was influenced by Pakistan’s medieval walled cities.

Domesticity: Response to Environmental Catastrophe 

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Climate: Arid

Source: Journalism, Blog 

Key Attribute: Public Housing

No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
Africa
Namibia, Unknown
Game Lodge
Slee & Co Architects
Game Lodge
Africa
Namibia, Unknown
Slee & Co Architects
The project is a low slung linear structure set on the red earth of the site. The red sand from the site is added to the plaster to blend the linear structure into the vast red landscape of the hunting farm. Furthermore, the weight of the roof rests on a diagonal supporting wall of the building to reduce the support column on the exterior. This prevents any obstructions while viewing the landscape.

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Easy 

Climate: Arid

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Indoor-Outdoor Living

No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
Asia
Kuwait, Salmiya
Wind Tower Housing Complex
AGi Architects
Wind Tower Housing Complex
Asia
Kuwait, Salmiya
AGi Architects
Traditional housing in Kuwait allows for shade and privacy, meaning minimal openings. Due to the 1950’s oil boom, single-family dwellings have evolved and the city became a planned metropolis. Beginning with modern concrete villas that overlook the streets. Over time men’s social gathering spaces have retained, while courtyards have disappeared, to be replaced by a family living room. Apartments have become an important requirement in modern Kuwait. Many people have encroached into single-family homes, which allows for a multi-generational style, giving young adults the apartment. The apartments have transformed from a section of a home to the top floor of a home, and finally multiple units in one building. As the demand for land in the city increases, AGi architects created a high rise apartment for single-families. Their aim was to bring back the traditional courtyard space which allows for greater ventilation and natural light. Terraces that are located higher up, reinterpret the traditional courtyard.

Domesticity:  Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity 

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Desert

Source: Academic Journal, Blog 

Key Attribute: Housing Complex


No items found.

Bibliography

Link 2
Climate
Middle East
Jordan, Amman
The Grey House
Paradigm DH
The Grey House
Middle East
Jordan, Amman
Paradigm DH
Surrounded by a beautiful landscape of 60-year-old trees, Saja Nashashibi designed a private villa with a backyard and a pool. The first floor contains the private programs such as the four master bedrooms and a living room. For every floor, the communal spaces such as the salon, entrance, dining room all face the backyard garden. While the side of the structure facing the backyard garden is exposed for viewing the private scenery, the entire first floor is enclosed with glazing while the entire second floor’s facade is made of concrete to create a division of private programs on the second floor and public programs for the first floor.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional ways of Domesticity 

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Climate: Arid

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Private Garden

No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
Middle East
Iran, Najafabad
Bahar House
Ayeneh Office
Bahar House
Middle East
Iran, Najafabad
Ayeneh Office
Moving away from traditional houses that consisted of rooms surrounding one large outdoor open space, detached houses were the first step towards modern housing in Iran. Privacy and hospitality are principles of Iranian living that have evolved from traditional houses, through modern approaches. We see in the Bahar house an imitation of western modernism, by removing unnecessary walls. Here they are accounting for a need for enlarged open rooms that allow the family to use the same space differently between day and night.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Temperate

Source: Academic Journal, Blog 

Key Attribute: Detached House


No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
South America
Argentina, Buenos Aires
Ancon Building
Planta
Ancon Building
South America
Argentina, Buenos Aires
Planta
This project allows a seamless indoor-outdoor relationship via its generously sized balcony with sliding glass doors. The bamboo screen on the facade works both as a shading device and also adds a natural texture to the site's immediate urban environment. Behind the bamboo screen is a glass facade so both residents and pedestrians can have a semi-porous view out of and into the building.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity

Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Temperate

Source: Blog, Company Website

Key Attribute: Bamboo and Glass Facade

No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
South America
El Avila National Park, Venezuela
El Avila
SDH Studio
El Avila
South America
El Avila National Park, Venezuela
SDH Studio
Set on the mountains of El Avila National Park, this family home capitalizes on spectacular views. The organically placed, locally sourced stone creates a dynamic contrast to the minimalistic straight lines of the building envelope. A butterfly roof, made of corrugated steel, is used to redirect rainwater.

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of Landscape 

Level of Difficulty: Medium 

Climate: Tropical

Source: Company Website 

Key Attribute: Butterfly Roof 


No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
Image
Africa
Assinie-Mafia, Côte d'Ivoire
Ebrah Pavillion
Koffi & Diabaté
Ebrah Pavillion
Africa
Assinie-Mafia, Côte d'Ivoire
Koffi & Diabaté
The aim of this project is to form interconnected spaces within the residence. These spaces allow residents to easily transition between interior rooms and exterior patio areas. The dining area and lounge chairs are all located outside adjacent to the pool in order to encourage outdoor living

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of the Landscape 

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Climate: Arid

Source: Desert

Key Attribute: Patio 


No items found.

Bibliography

Climate
Africa
Khartoum, Sudan
Dar Mabruka
Jack Ishkanes
Dar Mabruka
Africa
Khartoum, Sudan
Jack Ishkanes
In addition to naming this project after his mother, Jack Ishkanes claims that this residential project was his first attempt to give Sudanese architecture a modern identity. Through utilizing masonry as his main structural component, he was able to develop a sculptural design. The interior is designed to be naturally ventilated by placing large openings near the ground and smaller openings below the ceiling. The balustrades, hinges, and pots were made in Omdurman (a city in Sudan) by boat makers, ironmongers, and other craftsmen around the Nile. In addition, handmade baskets (Gufa) were used as lampshades.

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Desert

Source: Company Website, Blog

Key Attribute: Locally sourced materials

No items found.

Bibliography

Asia
Manila, Philippines
D House
Buensalido Architects
D House
Asia
Manila, Philippines
Buensalido Architects
A concave facade was designed in relation to the form of the street. The front entrance is narrow in comparison to the back door to the garden to create a sense of ‘expansiveness’ and ‘relief’ as one moves towards it. All of the rooms within the house orient to this garden. There are other transitory spaces such as a lanai at the ground and a balcony on the second floor. Additionally, these outdoor spaces enable residents to expand the space to accommodate guests. There are also numerous passive cooling techniques. Some of these include narrow rooms and a full-height louvered window.

Domesticity: Responding to Conditions of the Landscape 

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Tropical 

Source: Company Website, Blog 

Key Attribute: Concave Facade

No items found.
Africa
Al Alamayn, Egypt
Al Alfy
Shahira Famy Architects
Al Alfy
Africa
Al Alamayn, Egypt
Shahira Famy Architects
Facing windows promotes cross ventilation to achieve thermal comfort and allows light to enter throughout the building. It was crucial in the design to regulate the interior temperature of the building by incorporating passive cooling techniques because the local environment is hot and humid. The structural system of column and slab is governed by the existing grid. The walls are made of white stone and the roof is made of terracotta.

Domesticity: Response to Conditions of the Landscape

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Desert

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Passive Cooling

No items found.
Middle East
Jordan, Amman
Al Ribat Housing Complex
Bilal Hammad Architects
Al Ribat Housing Complex
Middle East
Jordan, Amman
Bilal Hammad Architects
The Al Ribat Housing Complex was built in 1982 and continues to be a pioneering representation of a housing complex in Jordan today. It contains thirty residential units which are clustered around a large landscape courtyard. This project was also nominated twice for the Aga Khan Award for Architecture.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Mediterranean

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Housing Complex

No items found.
Middle East
Jordan
Al Sondos
Yaghmour Architects
Al Sondos
Middle East
Jordan
Yaghmour Architects
A residential apartment building that is designed to create a sense of community and close-knit neighborhood for families residing within its premise. The massing modestly weaves the apartments and their open spaces together.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity

Level of Difficulty: Difficult

Climate: Arid

Source: Company Website, Social Media

Key Attribute: Modern Family

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Bibliography

Middle East
Lebanon, Alma-El Chaab
Alma-El Shaab
Almimariya Architects and Designers for Sustainable Development
Alma-El Shaab
Middle East
Lebanon, Alma-El Chaab
Almimariya Architects and Designers for Sustainable Development
Almimariya Architects and Designers for Sustainable Development aspires to work on architecture that is inspired and responsive to its context. This philosophy is especially portrayed through their project Alma-El Chaab. The private residence is inspired by traditional Lebanese architecture and has a stone facade with a red-tiled roof. To adapt the residence to the humid summers of its site, the structural layout is changed from a square to an "H" in plan which provides different views of the landscape and allows a cool breeze to flow throughout the house.

Domesticity: Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity

Level of Difficulty: Medium

Climate: Mediterranean

Source: Company Website

Key Attribute: Reconfigured Plan

No items found.
Africa
Nigeria, Lagos
Sencillio Beach house
cmDesign Atelier
Sencillio Beach house
Africa
Nigeria, Lagos
cmDesign Atelier
This beach house is located in the most populous city in Africa, Lagos. The beaches along this side are exclusive, and can only be attended via water travel. The house is very minimalist with an emphasis on neutrality to reflect the beach. To associate with the culture of Nigeria, rose gold coated, patterned steel screens are located along with window and door areas. These act as privacy screens, as well as reducing the sun's glare. The materials that the building is made of were all locally sourced, including cedarwood, and white concrete.


Domesticity: 

Responding to Conditions of the Landscape 


Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Tropical

Source: Blog

Key Attribute: Beach House

No items found.
Africa
Niger, Niamey
Niamey 2000 Housing
Atelier Masomi
Niamey 2000 Housing
Africa
Niger, Niamey
Atelier Masomi
This project is in the capital of Niger, struck with a housing crisis, it proposes a model that increases density to counter the city's growth. Towers and apartment buildings are not considered normative architecture for the area, most of the housing comprises one-story homes. Thus, by increasing each building by adding a story or two, it dramatically increases the number of homes, without building too tall. Inspired by pre-colonial cities in the region that created similar efforts, they were able to obtain a sense of privacy and intimacy. The buildings use passive cooling techniques and source local materials.

Domesticity: 

Reforming Traditional Ways of Domesticity


Level of Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Temperate

Source: Company Website, Blog 

Key Attribute: Housing Complex

No items found.

Bibliography

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